The story of Prithviraj Chauhan

The story of Prithviraj Chauhan - Prithviraj Chauhan was born in 1166 CE (Century). After the death of his father Someshwardev, Prithviraj became the successor of the Chauhan Dynasty.

And he became ruler at a very young age of 11 years.His mother Karpuradevi was a skilled politician. He was been guided by his mother. And because of this reason he got control upon the administration of the kingdom very easily.

With the assistance of Prime Minister Kadambavasa and Commander Bhuvanaikamalla. After taking guardianship from his mother for around a year, he handled the actual control of the kingdom by himself when he was of 12 years in 1178 CE.

the story of prithviraj chauhan

As he became the ruler, he changed a lot of things, he appointed his reliable and trustworthy officers on the higher posts and implement his policy of victory.

His policy of victory has two major points, and they were:
1. Elimination of the neighbouring kingdoms.
2. Confronting or defeating the foreign enemies.

The Chauhan dynasty has a massive area to rule and during the invasion made by Muhammad Ghori, Delhi and Ajmer was ruled by Prithviraj Chauhan and was renowned by the name of “Rai Pithora”.

Conquests of Prithviraj Chauhan

Prithviraj was an adolescent when he became the ruler of the Chauhan Dynasty. Because of this his uncle Apargangya revolted against him.

And he tried to became the ruler according to him he was the next successor of the throne and thinks that he was capable of being a ruler.

Prithviraj defeated his uncle afterwards but the opposing groups who were in favour of his uncle were not settle down.

After Apargangya, his younger brother took his place and blew the call for revolt and occupied Gurugram (Gurgaon).

the story of prithviraj chauhan

After getting the information that Gurugram (Gurgaon) was occupies by the revolutionaries, Prithviraj sent his army there and as soon as the news of the Prithviraj’s army came to Nagarjuna, he fled away.

But after all this, Nagarjuna’s commander tried to save Gurugram (Gurgaon) for a short period of time, but he became successful and the army of Prithviraj reoccupied Gurugram (Gurgaon).

All the revolutionaries were put to death and their heads were hanged on the wall of the city, so that no one will never dare to do that thing again.

At the time period of 1182 CE Prithviraj defeated a very terrifying and dangerous tribe named Bhandanak, that started to reside around Gurugram (Gurgaon) and Hissar and occupied the northern frontiers of his kingdom.

Jinpati Suri the author of Synchronous had written about the suppression of the Bhandanaks by the hands of Prithviraj.

After his starting success, he decided to follow Digvijaya policy which means conquest of all the regions just like the ancient Indian rulers.

After the end of Bhandanaks, his boundaries were started to attach with Mahoba kingdom of the Chandels.

For taking revenge of assassination of some of his soldiers, he attacked upon Mahoba state in 1182 CE.

the story of prithviraj chauhan

In this battle two commanders Alha and Udal of Chandel ruler Paramardi Deva were killed while fighting.

Privthviraj stand victorious in that battle and appointed Panjun Rai as the chief of Mahoba and returned back to his kingdom.

According to Prithviraj Raso, Prithviraj Chauhan made Chalukya ruler Bhimdev II of Gujarat angry by marrying the princess of Abu Ichchhini, because Bhimdev also wanted to marry her. But this was not the main reason.

According to historians the main reason of the struggle between both the rulers was that the boundaries of the kingdoms of both of them were attached and both were ambitious.

After many quarrels between both the rulers a treaty of alliance was made because of the mediation of Jagdev Pratihara, but the enmity was not dead inside both of them.

At the same time Jiachand was the ruler of Gahadawala state of Kannauj, which is situated to the end of Prithviraj’s domain.

the story of prithviraj chauhan

Because of the issue of control upon Delhi, an immense felling of enmity started among both the rulers. To implement his Digvijay policy Prithviraj wished to merge Kannauj into his kingdom.

But on the other hand, Jaichand was making victorious plans just like Prithviraj Chauhan. After Prithviraj forcefully kidnapped the daughter of Jaichand, Samyogita.

And he forcefully marry her, this incident made Jaichand more angry and he started to find an opportunity to take revenge from Prithviraj.

Then to take revenge, Jaichand invited Muhammad Ghori the ruler of Ghazni to attack upon Prithviraj Chauhan and thus the Turkish invasion started in India

According to ancient historical collections, when Jaichand got the news of Prithviraj’s defeat by Muhammad Ghori, he celebrated this event all across his capital.


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