Struggle between Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori

Struggle between Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori – Just after becoming the Governor of Ghazni, Muhammad Ghori invaded upon Multan in 1175 CE (Century) and occupied it.

After occupying Multan, he fought battles with Gujarat, Sialkot and Lahore and stood victorious in all those battles.

According to the Rajasthani sources, when Ghori came to India. He fought several battles with Prithviraj but got defeated each time.

struggle between prithviraj chauhan and muhammad ghori

In Prithviraj Raso it is stated that Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Muhammad Ghori twenty-one times.But on the other hand, in Hammir Mahakavya it is written that Ghori got defeated by Prithviraj only seven times.

So, no one knows the truth. In the time period of 1191 CE, two decisive battles took place between both the rulers.

Muhammad Ghori proceeded from Lahore with his army and reached up to Tarain while occupying a place named Tabarhind.

There in Tarain, a fierce battle took place between Muhammad Gori and Prithviraj Chauhan. During the war, a feudal lord Govindraj of Prithviraj injured Muhammad Ghori by a stroke of his harpoon.

struggle between prithviraj chauhan and muhammad ghori

After being injured, Muhammad fled away from the battlefield to Ghazni along with his army. After Muhammad left the battlefield, Prithviraj reoccupied Tabarhind.

And he caught and imprisoned Qasi Jiauddin, who later released and let go on the exchange of a huge amount of money. One year passed and Muhammad Ghori reappeared on the battlefield in Tarain along with his army.

But this time, Muhammad was there for a reconciliation talk and actually it was a trap for Prithviraj in which he got stuck.

Prithviraj accepted the reconciliation talk. And the reconciliation talk continued for a long time between them.

struggle between prithviraj chauhan and muhammad ghori

And because of this Chauhan’s army became careless and got engaged in material pleasure. Taking advantage of this condition, Muhammad Ghori attacked upon Prithviraj suddenly one night.

The Rajput army was not ready for the attack and could not bear such a violent and sudden attack. So, they got defeated.

After defeating Prithviraj, Muhammad took Prithviraj with him and imprisoned near Sirsa at a place called Saraswati.

In Prithviraj Raso it is written that Ghori took Prithviraj to Ghazni, where he made Prithviraj blind.

And there at the time of exhibiting the Shabd Bedhi arrow, Prithviraj shot Ghori by an arrow only by listening to his voice, Ghori died at that time afterward Prithviraj committed suicide.

Reasons for the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan


Prithviraj was a great conqueror, ruler and also a great warrior, but if the thing comes to foresightedness and diplomacy he lacked in these topics.

struggle between prithviraj chauhan and muhammad ghori

He did not establish any friendly relationships with his neighbouring kingdoms. Instead of this he made them his enemy and waged several wars with them.

Because of this reason he did not get any help from his neighbouring during the invasion made by Muhammad Ghori into his empire.

Another mistake done by Prithviraj was that, when Muhammad Ghori invaded in Gujarat in 1178 CE, he (Prithviraj) had not provided any type of help to Gujarat, so this thing made them angry with him.

Along with these mistakes another huge and very dangerous mistake done by Prithviraj was that he had not attacked the Turkish army when they were trying to flee away from the battlefield after being defeated by Prithviraj in the First battle of Tarain.

struggle between prithviraj chauhan and muhammad ghori

If he had violently attacked upon the army of Muhammad Ghori, they will get terrified and they would never get such a dare to attack upon Prithviraj again.

And after his marriage with Samyogita, he started to neglect all the administrative obligations and other important issues. And he begins to live a luxurious life.

Evaluation of Prithviraj Chauhan


Prithviraj was one of the bravest and the strongest rulers of Rajasthan. He was a fearless, brave and gallant ruler.

Just after becoming the ruler, he wages several battles with many rulers one after another that proves that he was an efficient soldier and commander.

struggle between prithviraj chauhan and muhammad ghori

After achieving victory in several battles, he gained the title of “Dalpangul”, which means conqueror of the world.

He had never lost any battle in his lifetime before the battle of Tarain and the reason for the lost of Prithviraj in this battle was the treason and deception of Muhammad Ghori.

He was a conqueror and also was a great scholar too. Various major scholars were present in his court, among them Vidyapati Gaud, Vageshwar, Janardhan, Jayanak, Vishwarup, Ashadhare, etc. were the major ones.

Chandbardai was his royal poet and also was the writer of “Prithviraj Raso”. Prithviraj Raso was the first epic written in Hindi literature, so this thing made it more special.

The story of Prithviraj Chauhan
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