History about the Golden Age of Bollywood

History about the Golden Age of Bollywood - Today internet and various international and domestic companies are there who provides you to watch both Bollywood and Hollywood movies and T.V shows.

Hollywood cinema and web series are very praised by the audiences. But there was a time when no foreign entertainment was here (movies, songs, etc.) or if they were, they must be at a very low scale.

That time only source of entertainment is Hindi cinema and some other domestic sources. Hindi cinema is also known as Bollywood as Foreign cinema is known as Hollywood.
history about the golden age of bollywood

And formerly known as Bombay cinema which is Indian Hindi language film industry exist in Mumbai (later it was known as “Bombay”) Maharashtra.

Indian cinema the combination of Hindi films industry (Bollywood), Tamil film industry (Kollywood), Telugu film industry (Tollywood) and other industries is the largest film industry in the world.

The Indian cinema industry has an annual output of 1,986 feature films in 2017. And among all these Bollywood is the largest producer, with 364 Hindi films produced in 2017.

47 percent of Indian net box-office revenue is generated by the Bollywood. 36 percent of Indian net box-office collection is contributed by Tamil and Telugu cinema and the rest 21 percent is represented by the other regional cinema (on the basis of 2014).

history about the golden age of bollywood

The most loved genre in India is the masala genre which is the mixture of approximately all, from action to comedy, romance, drama, melodrama and the other thing which are important also are musical numbers.

According to the Oxford Dictionary, origin of the word “Bollywood” took place in the 1970s, when Bollywood whelmed Hollywood in the production of the films.


The first feature but silent film made in India is Raja Harishchandra (1913), made by Dadasahed Phalke.

As with the running time the industry developed, and by the 1930s the Indian film industry had started to produce over 200 films per year.

The first sound film of the industry is Alam Ara (1931), made by Ardeshir Irani and became very successful. This film was the turning point, demand for sound films (includes talk and music) was uprising.

history about the golden age of bollywood

After seeing the growing demand of that, Bollywood and other regional industries developed and in a short period of time they switched to the films with sound.

If we talk about the coloured films, then the first Hindi coloured film was Kisan Kanya which is released in 1937 made by Ardeshir Irani.

And then in some consecutive years he made a colour version of a very popular film “Mother India”. But the colour films became popular among the peoples in the late 1950s.

Before the partition of the country India in 1947, which divided India into two parts one is the Republic of India and the other is named as Pakistan.

history about the golden age of bollywood

The Bombay film industry (Bollywood) was very nearly attached to the Lahore film industry (Lollywod industry of Pakistani cinema). Both of them produced films in Hindi-Urdu or we can say Hindustani.

The Bengali film industry in Calcutta (now Kolkata, West Bengal), was also a centre of the Hindi-Urdu films which produced both Hindi-Urdu and local languages films under them.

At the time of 1940s many actors, filmmakers, musicians and singers migrated from Lahore industry to Bombay and became a part of Bollywood industry.

Some of them were Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand, Prithviraj Kapoor, Mohammed Rafi, Noorjahan and Samshad Begum.

And also, at that time various filmmakers and actors from the Bengali film industry (Calcutta) had migrated to Bombay.

And Bombay became the centre of the Hindi-Urdu film production in the Republic of India after the partition.

history about the golden age of bollywood

According to the film historians, from the late 1940s to 1960s, that period was called by them as “Golden Age” of the Hindi cinema or the Bollywood.

Because many of the most renowned and applauded films were made during that time.

The movies were with social messages and mainly based on the working-class life in India. Some of them were Pyaasa (1957), Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959), Shree420 (1955), Awaara (1951) and many others.

One of the most iconic movie Mother India (1957) made by Mehboob Khan was nominated for Oscar in the year 1958.

The most famous and popular male Indian actors are Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand, each of them with a unique style.

After some time, Rajesh Khanna was introduced with the Bollywood and the audience. He became on of the most successful actor in the history. He was the first Indian actor to be called a “Superstar”.

He (Rajesh Khanna) was starred in 15 superhit movies one-by-one. He mainly used to play roles in musical romance films.

history about the golden age of bollywood

Many other actors during this period are Shammi Kapoor and Shashi Kapoor (both were the younger brothers of Raj Kapoor), Jeetendra and Sanjeev Kumar and including Sharmila Tagore, Mumtaz, Saira Banu, Helen and Asha Parekh as actresses.

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